traditional caged robot cell

Industrial Robot Risk Assessments

Risk assessments on robotic machinery should follow the guidelines found in EN ISO 12100  covering General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction and the relevant C standard for robotics EN ISO 10218-2

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How we can help you

Using our expertise, we assess the robot for all potential hazards and dangers, ensuring you meet your legal requirements and robot safety standards. 

Using our own reporting software, allows us to compile our findings from the assessment of the robot. Where non-compliance's are found, guidance and support is given to the client on how to rectify the issues to meet the requirements of the standards and legislation. Our risk assessment methodology is compatible with the international safety standard EN ISO 12100.

The reports we issue have specifically been designed to be easy to understand and user friendly. If there is something you do not understand, we are always at the end of the phone to answer your queries.

Have you got a robot that needs risk assessing?

Do you need a robot safety audit to check it is compliant? 

Caged traditional robot cell

What is a robot risk assessment?

When it comes to industrial robot risk assessments, the risk assessment process should follow the guidance found in the international safety standard EN ISO 12100 Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction and also EN ISO 10218-2  Robot and robotic devices. Safety requirements for industrial robots. Robot systems and integration.

There are legal duties for machine manufacturers, system integrators, anyone who modifies machinery or those who build their own machinery, to conduct a risk assessment as part of the design, build or modification of machinery. The risk assessment is one of the key documents used to assist with the overall CE marking process of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC. 

EN ISO 12100 and EN ISO 10218-2 are not the only documents that will be referenced throughout the risk assessment process. There are quite literally hundreds of standards that can be used to give guidance and support to understand whether a machine is safe and compliant.

There are two key regulations that require end users of machinery to put in place suitable and sufficient risk assessments. These are PUWER and The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999.

Assessments carried out under these regulations will need to be produced to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the event of an incident.

Why are risk assessments important?

Robots have the potential to cause harm by various means. 


This could be;

  • Mechanical

  • Electrical

  • Thermal

  • Noise

  • Vibration

  • Radiation

  • Material

  • Ergonomic

As an employer, you’re required by law to protect your employees from harm.

It is essential to recognise the hazards created by the installation and use of industrial robots and detail these within a detailed risk assessment. 

Fancu robot
Traditional robot

When should a risk assessment be carried out?

  • When purchasing new equipment or machinery, with a robot as part of the process

  • When modifying existing machinery to allow for a robot to be integrated 

  • When the robot is relocated to a new location

  • When the robot is given a new task or operation

Don't forget about review periods. Again there are no set timescales on this, but the employers should periodically review the assessment and if necessary, re-assess any controls that are currently in place to ensure they remain effective.

A few examples of when you may need to review your risk assessments are:

  • After any significant change within the workplace or process in question

  • After an accident or ill-health incident has occurred

  • After near-misses have been reported.

What is involved in a robot risk assessment?

A few examples that need to be considered when assessing the robot include;

  • Robot Cell Guarding, including the type and relative dimensions

  • Interlocking inspections

  • Inspection of the safety related control system 

  • Thermal hazards

  • If the robot produces high levels of noise above the threshold limits

  • Any specific hazards associated with the robot 

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Cobots and Machinery Safety Ltd

Corby Northamptonshire

Company number: 12096383  

VAT number: 326 9063 93 

©2020 by Cobots and Machinery Safety Ltd. All rights reserved.

 +44 (0) 7596 284 775