industrial robot, robotic risk assessments

Risk assessments on robotic machinery should follow the guidelines found in EN ISO 12100 and EN ISO 10218-2

Robotic Risk Assessments

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We understand that consistency and familiarity is important to you and that is why we guarantee you the same safety consultant throughout the whole of your project. This ensures you get the same level of service on every visit, the same friendly voice at the end of the phone and allows us to build life long relationships with you and your team. 

Assessing your robot for all potential hazards and dangers, we ensure you meet your legal requirements and the machinery safety standards. Our consultant is a Certified Machinery Safety Expert - CMSE® (accredited by TUV Nord) and has worked within the industry for over 20 years.

Don't worry, if non-compliances are found, we guide and support you on how to rectify the issues to ensure you meet the requirements of the standards and legislation. Our risk assessment methodology is compatible with the international safety standard EN ISO 12100 and our reports have been designed to be easy to understand. 

Get in contact with us today and let us answer any questions and queries you may have, offer some advice on the best way to move forward and if needed we can arrange a site visit to further discuss your requirements.

Need help with your robot risk assessments?

What is a robot risk assessment?

When it comes to industrial robot risk assessments, the risk assessment process should follow the guidance found in the international safety standard EN ISO 12100 Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction and also EN ISO 10218-2  Robot and robotic devices. Safety requirements for industrial robots. Robot systems and integration.

There are legal duties for machine manufacturers, system integrators, anyone who modifies machinery or those who build their own machinery, to conduct a risk assessment as part of the design, build or modification of machinery. The risk assessment is one of the key documents used to assist with the overall CE marking process of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC. 

EN ISO 12100 and EN ISO 10218-2 are not the only documents that will be referenced throughout the risk assessment process. There are quite literally hundreds of standards that can be used to give guidance and support to understand whether a machine is safe and compliant.

There are two key regulations that require end users of machinery to put in place suitable and sufficient risk assessments. These are PUWER and The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999.

Assessments carried out under these regulations will need to be produced to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the event of an incident.

Why are risk assessments important?

As an employer, you’re required by law to protect your employees from harm. It is essential to recognise the hazards created by the installation and use of industrial robots and detail these within a detailed risk assessment. 


Robots have the potential to cause harm by various means. This could be;

  • Mechanical

  • Electrical

  • Thermal

  • Noise

  • Vibration

  • Radiation

  • Material

  • Ergonomic

When should a risk assessment be carried out?

  • When purchasing new equipment or machinery, with a robot as part of the process

  • When modifying existing machinery to allow for a robot to be integrated 

  • When the robot is relocated to a new location

  • When the robot is given a new task or operation

Don't forget about review periods. Again there are no set timescales on this, but the employers should periodically review the assessment and if necessary, re-assess any controls that are currently in place to ensure they remain effective.

A few examples of when you may need to review your risk assessments are:

  • After any significant change within the workplace or process in question

  • After an accident or ill-health incident has occurred

  • After near-misses have been reported.

What is involved in a robot risk assessment?

A few examples that need to be considered when assessing the robot include;

  • Robot Cell Guarding, including the type and relative dimensions​

  • Interlocking inspections

  • Inspection of the safety related control system 

  • Thermal hazards

  • If the robot produces high levels of noise above the threshold limits

  • Any specific hazards associated with the robot 

Need help with your robot risk assessments?

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