caged industrial robot behind guarding

Robot Risk Assessments

Certified Machinery Safety Expert ®

The What, The Why and The When?

robot welding a car in an industrial factory

What is a robot risk assessment?

When it comes to industrial robot risk assessments, the risk assessment process should follow the guidance found in the international safety standard EN ISO 12100 Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction and also EN ISO 10218-2  Robot and robotic devices. Safety requirements for industrial robots. Robot systems and integration.

There are legal duties for machine manufacturers, system integrators, anyone who modifies machinery or those who build their own machinery, to conduct a risk assessment as part of the design, build or modification of machinery. The risk assessment is one of the key documents used to assist with the overall CE marking process.

EN ISO 12100 and EN ISO 10218-2 are not the only documents that will be referenced throughout the risk assessment process. There are quite literally hundreds of standards that can be used to give guidance and support.

Assessments carried out under these regulations will need to be produced to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the event of an incident.

We work with you to understand your machinery and offer guidance and support on how to achieve compliance.


Our risk assessment process includes:

  • Inspecting your machinery / equipment in accordance with the applicable standards

  • Highlighting and assessing any hazards

  • Estimating the level of risk associated with the hazards

  • Recommending how to reduce the risk to a sufficient level

  • Ongoing advice and support 

How we can help you

Why are risk assessments important?

As an employer, you’re required by law to protect your employees from harm.


Robots have the potential to cause harm by various means. It is essential to recognise the hazards created by the installation and use of industrial robots and detail these within a detailed risk assessment. 

caged robot within guarding
robot welding

When should a risk assessment be carried out?

  • When purchasing new equipment or machinery, with a robot as part of the process

  • When modifying existing machinery to allow for a robot to be integrated 

  • When the robot is relocated to a new location

  • When the robot is given a new task or operation

Don't forget about review periods. 

Talk to us today!